2020高考英语考前必须理清的100个英语高频考点,提出珍藏!

原标题:2020高考英语考前必须理清的100个英语高频考点,提出珍藏! 今天幼编为行家清理了高考英语100个高频考点,行家肯定要在高考前将这片面知识点一切拿下,都是望完立马涨分...


原标题:2020高考英语考前必须理清的100个英语高频考点,提出珍藏!

今天幼编为行家清理了高考英语100个高频考点,行家肯定要在高考前将这片面知识点一切拿下,都是望完立马涨分的知识点~

1、 名词的单复数

规则转变 s/es、不规则转变(mouse-mice)、单复数同形、联相符词在迥异意义下有能够可数有能够不可数

2、 名词一切格

‘s(外示有生命:Lily’s desk)、of一切格(外示无生命the window of the room)

3、 名词修饰语

只修饰可数名词(each、every、a great many)、只修饰不可数名词(little、a little、 a large amount of)、都能够修饰(some、a lot of、plenty of)

4、 不定冠词(a/an单数不特指);定冠词(the/this/that/these/those外特定)

5、 such的用法

such作限定词和all,no,any,some,other,anther等词连用时,such放后面。

倘若such修饰单数可数名词,且与不定冠词连用时需置于其前;such前有no时不必冠词。

6、 so的用法

在believe,think,expect,suppose等词后用so代替前文挑出的不益看点

在肯定句中外示与上文相通的情况,如:So do I.

7、 all和both的用法

all三者或三者以上一切都,both二者都。all指集体或抽象事物时当做单数,指人时当做复数。both做主语时,谓语动词用复数。

8、 many修饰或替代可数名词,much修饰或替代不可数名词

many a 很众(谓语动词用单数)

a good/great many很众

as many as/as much as相通众、差不众

9、 little几乎异国,修饰不可数名词

睁开全文

a little有一点,修饰不可数名词

few几乎异国,修饰可数名词

a few有一点,修饰可数名词

10、形容词比较级最高级

原级比较:…is as good as mine.

外示少于或超过另一方:fewer than, more than

易杂沓短语:as well as也…既…

as far as就…而言

11、 比较级常见舛讹:用much外强调时的误用

She looks more younger than I.(×)

She looks much younger than I.(√)

12、介词短语重点

except for除了

in place of代替

on behalf of代外

but for要不是

in front of在…前线

13、介词across,over,through,past四个常考介词的区别

across横穿穿越,发生在物体表面

over跨过越过,发生在物体上方

through穿过,发生在某物空间内

past从旁经过

14、 易杂沓的介词短语

in all一切

after all毕竟

at all根本,常用在否定句中外强调

above all最主要的是,尤其是

15、序数词前肯定要加定冠词the,改错常考,序数词与基数词连用时,序数词放在前线,如the first one。

16、 will和would的用法(常考)

will常与第二人称you连用,外示征求对方偏见,will you/won’t you?

would更含蓄客气一些,常用短语:would like to dowould rather情愿

17、 虚拟语气

18、清淡现在时外异日的2栽情况:

制定或安排益的事情、肯定要发生的行为:The train arrives at 10.

在时间状语从句、条件状语从句、让步状语从句中清淡现在时外异日

19、以前即将要发生的行为:was/were about to do sth.

20、句子中展现曩以前,才会行使以前完善时外以前的以前-不息一连到以前的行为

I was tired. I had been working since dawn.

21、常用句型:

It is adj. for sb.to do sth.

It is adj. of sb. to do sth.(形容词评价某人)

22、频繁接疑问词 不定式的动词:learn,ask,discuss,explain,know,remember,forget,understand,think,consider,decide.

如 I have to learn how to study English.

23、 主谓一致

the number of 复数名词作主语时,谓语动词用单数

a number of 复数名词时,谓语动词用复数

someplenty ofa lot of,谓语动词根据所修饰的词而定

a quantity of谓语动词用单数;large quantities of谓语动词用复数

24、谓语动词就近一致:

either…or…/neither…nor…/not only…but also…谓语动词和挨近的主语一致(常考)

25、同位语从句

常跟同位语从句的名词或短语(常考):belief/doubt/hope/report/word/opinion/idea…行使举例:We have some doubt whether they can complete the task on time.

26、直接引语和间接引语

变间接引语要向前推一个时态!例:

He said, ”I am sorry.”

He said that he was sorry.

27、定语从句who/whom的用法(介词 whom)例:

He is the man who lives next door.

I have many friends to whom I am going to send postcards.

28、定语从句that/which的用法,清淡能够互换,但下列情况必须用that( 改错常考):

先走词是all,much,few,little,something等不定代词时

先走词有the only,the same,the very修饰时

主句是以which起头的稀奇疑问句时

先走词既有物又有人时

先走词是序数词、形容词最高级时

29、 as和which用法辨析,引导非限定性定语从句

as的先走词只能是句子,which的先走词能够是词。

30、外示一…就的引导词

as soon as/immediately/instantly/the moment/no sooner than/hardly

31、no sooner与hardly在句首时,请求句子倒装。

32、so that 连用引导方针/效果状语从句

so adj./adv. /many/few that:There is so little time that…

such adj. 名词 that:Kathy is such a lovely girl that…

33、强调句型:It is/was 被强调的片面 that/who 句子盈余片面,和定语从句的区别:It was 8 when I left home.(定语从句)

34、"wish 宾语从句",外示不大 能够实现的期待

外示现在的不克实现的期待:主语 曩以前;

外示以前的不克实现的期待:主语 had done;

外示异日的不克实现的期待:主语 would/could do

35、It was 时间段 before…."过了众久才……"

It was not long before…."不久,就……"

It will (not) be 时间段 before…."要过众久(不久)……才……"(before从句谓语动词要用清淡时态)

36、as if/though 主语 did/had done…相通……(外示现在或异日的情况用曩以前;外示以前的情况用以前完善时)[参考句型4]

[例句]Our head teacher treats us as if we were her own children, so all the students in our class think highly of her.

37、as, though, although引导的让步状语从句。

[ 仔细]although位于句首;though位于句首或句中;as位于句中=though。它的词序是把句中强调的形容词、副词、动词或名词放在连词前。

38、in case of…( n.) "以防;万一";

in case that…"以防,万一……"(谓语动词用清淡现在时态或should 动词真相)

39、 作文段首高分句型

关于……人们有迥异的不益看点。一些人认为……

There are different opinions among people as to ____ .Some people suggest that ____.

俗语说(常言道)……,它是吾们进步的经历,但是,即使在今天,它在很众场相符照样适用。

There is an old saying that______. It"s the experience of our forefathers;however,it is correct in many cases even today.

现在,……,它们给吾们的平时生活带来了很众危害。最先,……;其次,……。更为糟糕的是……。

Today, ____, which have brought a lot of harms in our daily life. First, ____ Second,____. What makes things worse is that______.

关于……人们的不益看点各不相通,一些人认为(说)……,在他们望来,……

People's opinions about ______ vary from person to person. Some people say that ______.To them,_____.

40、 作文中心段落高分句型

相逆,有一些人赞许……,他们笃信……,而且,他们认为……。

On the contrary,there are some people in favor of ___.At the same time,they say____.

但是,吾认为这不是解决……的益方法,比如……。最糟糕的是……。

But I don’t think it is a very good way to solve ____.For example,____.Worst of all,___.

对吾们国家的发展和建设是必不可少的,(也是)专门主要的。最先,……。而且……,最主要的是……

______is necessary and important to our country"s development and construction. First,______.What"s more, _____.Most important of all,______.

为什么……?第一个因为是……;第二个因为是……;第三个因为是……。总的来说,……的主要因为是由于……

Why______? The first reason is that ______.The second reason is ______.The third is ______.For all this, the main cause of ______ is due to ______.   I fully agree on the statement that ______ because______.

41、 作文末了段落高分句型

至于吾,在某栽水平上吾批准后面的不益看点,吾认为……

As far as I am concerned, I agree on the latter opinion to some extent. I think that ____.

总而言之,整个社会答该亲昵关注……这个题目。只有如许,吾们才能在异日……。

In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the problem of ______.Only in this way can ______in the future.

但是,……和……都有它们各自的上风(益处)。例如,……,而……。然而,把这两者相比较,吾更倾向于(爱)……

But ______and ______have their own advantages. For example, _____, while_____. Comparing this with that, however, I prefer to______.

就吾幼我而言,吾笃信……,因此,吾坚信优雅的异日正等着吾们。由于……

Personally, I believe that_____. Consequently, I'm confident that a bright future is awaiting us because______.

至于吾(对吾来说,就吾而言),吾认为……更相符理。只有如许,吾们才能……

For my part, I think it reasonable to_____. Only in this way can we _____.

42、英语作文外达常用句型短语(外达因为)

A number of factors are accountable for this situation.

The answer to this problem involves many factors.

The phenomenon mainly stems from the fact that...

Perhaps the primary factor is that …

43、外示比较

The advantages far outweigh the disadvantages.

The advantages of A are much greater than those of B.

A may be preferable to B, but A suffers from the disadvantages that...

It is reasonable to maintain that ...but it would be foolish to claim that...

For all the disadvantages, it has its compensating advantages.

Like anything else, it has its faults.

It is true that A ... , but the chief faults (obvious defects )are ...

44、外示指斥

It is true that ..., but one vital point is being left out.

There is a grain of truth in these statements, but they ignore a more important fact.

Some people say ..., but it does not hold water.

Many of us have been under the illusion that...

Too much stress placed on ... may lead to ...

Contrary to what is widely accepted, I maintain that ...

45、外示效果

It may give rise to a host of problems.

The immediate result it produces is ...

It will exercise a profound influence upon...

Its consequence can be so great that...

46、将要举例

A good case in point is ...

Such examples might be given easily.

...is often cited as an example.

47、外示表明

No one can deny the fact that ...

The idea is hardly supported by facts.

Unfortunately, none of the available data shows ...

Recent studies indicate that ...

There is sufficient evidence to show that ...

According to statistics proved by ..., it can be seen that ...

48、 逆义疑问句速记口诀:

逆意问句三要点,前后谓语正相逆;

短句not如展现,必须缩写是习性;

末了一点答仔细,短句主语代词填

49、 短文改错易错点四要法:

要先涉猎全文,清新大意

要经由过程找句号把长句子拆分出来

要分析句子组织,新闻中心再从“众、缺、错、对”四方面细望

要通读改后的文章,用语感通查

50、 短文改错四望法:

望有无一致性题目(主谓一致、单复数一致)

望有无搭配舛讹(动宾搭配、介词搭配)

望词法和语法舛讹(冠词、非谓语动词误用)

望每走每句间的逻辑舛讹(甚至有外形相通的词汇误用)

51、agree to批准某项计划或安排

agree with批准某人

agree on达成制定、偏见一致

52、also用于肯定句,放在系动词、助动词、情态动词后

too&as well用于肯定句,放在句末(too用逗号隔开)

either用于否定句,放在句末

例:John also plays piano./He speaks French, and English as well./I want to eat an apple, too./I don’t watch TV, either.

53、become指身份和职位的转变

get 形容词外变得,众用于口语

grow外逐渐变成某栽状态

turn 外颜色和天气的形容词,变得和以前十足迥异

go adj.从益的状态变成坏的状态

54、before long不久以后

long before很久以前(众用于以前完善时)

55、but外转变语气最凶猛

while强调前后者对比Tom is reading while Jim is playing football.

however外示转变常用于插入语,必要和句子用逗号隔开

though引导让步状语从句

56、compare…with…把…与…相比

compare…to…把…比作…Life is compared to a voyage.生命被比作一次航走。

57、damage外示片面损坏

ruin和destroy外示彻底的损毁,但destroy只能作动词,ruin能够外示名词

58、die of因…而物化,外示内部因为如疾病

die from因…而物化,外示外部因为如交通事故

59、be famous for以…著名(某栽技能、某部作品)

be famous as以某栽身份著名

be famous to为某人所知The writer is famous to us.

60、hear of间接的听说

hear about听到…的细目

hear from收到…的来信

61、in future距现在距离较近的异日Don’t do that in future.

in the future距现在距离较远的异日Who knows what will happen in the future?

62、in the air在空中,悬而未决的(后者比较常用)

in the open air在户外

on the air在广播、正在播放

63、keep doing sth.不息做某事,强调活动不中止的状态

64、no more than仅仅,只不过

not more than至众,不超过

65、only if只有…才…

if only要是…就益了,接虚拟语气

66、sometime在以前或异日的某个时候

sometimes未必

some time一段时间

some times几倍、几次

67、used to do以前往往做某事

get/become/be used to doing sth.习性于

be used to do被用来做某事

68、 一切倒装句的常见组织:

here, there, now, then, thus等副词置于句首, 谓语动词常用be, come, go, lie, run。

There goes the bell.

外示行动倾向的副词或地点状语置于句首,谓语外示行动的动词。

Out rushed a missile from under the bomber.

69、 片面倒装句的结议和用法

把“so ... that ...”句型中的“so 形容词 / 副词”片面放在句首时,be动词或助动词放在主语前线。如:So frightened was the girl that she daren't move an inch further.

用so,neither或nor构成的稀奇句型,外示另一人或物也具有和前线挑到的同样情况时,展现片面倒装。如:Jim asked the question. So did Lily.

把具有“否定”意义的词语放在句首时,展现片面倒装。如:Never shall I forget your advice.

70、 稀奇情形倒装

“only 状语从句”和“not until 从句”位于句首时,在主句中进走倒装。如:Not until the child slept did the mother leave the room.

“not only...but also...”连接两个分句,not only位于句首时,倒装在not only所在分句进走。如:Not only were the children moved but also the adults showed their pity.

“no sooner...than...”句型中的no sooner位于句首时,倒装在no sooner 主句中进走;“hardly / scarcely...when...”句型中的hardly位于句首时,倒装在hardly / scarcely主句中进走。

71、完型填空解题4步原则:

第一步: 跳读。带着空格通读全文,晓畅短文大意,判别短文文体,同时能将会做的题及时解决失踪。

第二步: 选答。这一步最为关键,请求考生对每一道题进走仔细推敲,但是要告诫他们万万不可根据题的挨次答题,对那些不克拿禁绝的题先跳以前,遵命先易后难的解题原则。

第三步: 推敲。这实际上就是请求考生对完形填空短文的篇章作统统考虑,把其中一些必要依据上下文语境来考虑的比较难明答的题,以及句子之间和段落之间的逻辑有关较强的仔细推敲,甄别,筛选和抉择。

第四步: 复查。这是解答这类题的末了一步,请求考生解完题之后务必再把文章通读一遍,从集体上实在把握文章的真实有趣,及时修改与全文有出入的一些选项。

72、 高考英语听力技巧

快捷涉猎题目。行使听录音前的时间,快捷望一遍题现在,展望短文或对话能够涉及的内容。

仔细听短文的首句和首段。文章的开首句和开首段,往往是对短文内容的概括,如说话方针、主要内容、作者、论点、故事发生的时间、地点及事由等。

获取对话中的详细新闻。仔细对话中的一些详细新闻,如时间、地点、人物、年代事件、数字等。

理解领会对话的意图不益看点、态度及内容。要稀奇仔细说话者随时会转变主意和更正说过的话。未必候,更正的话会由其他人说出来。

立足于集体。不管听什么原料,仔细力肯定要荟萃在集体内容的理解上,千万不克只中止在个别单词或单句上。

重点听实词。 要把重点放在听关键词即实词上,一面听一面把要点及回答题目的关键词记下来。

73、引导定语从句的常见词

引导定语从句的有关词有有关代词和有关副词,常见的有关代词包括that, which, who(宾格whom,一切格whose)等,有关副词包括where, when, why等。有关代词和有关副词放在先走词及定语从句之间首连接作用,同时又作定语从句的主要成分。

74、定语从句分类

根据定语从句与先走词的有关,定语从句可分为控制性定语从句及非控制性定语从句。控制性定语从句紧跟先走词,主句与从句不必逗号睁开,从句不可省往。非控制性定语从句与主句之间有逗号睁开,首添加表明作用,如省往,有趣仍完善。

75、 短文改错常见舛讹检查思路

句中各片面的组织是否完善,稀奇是每个句子要有动词;

谓语动词的时态、语态;

非谓语动词的用法;

名词的单、复数,格的行使是否正确;

定冠词和不定冠词是否正确;

代词的格和性的行使是否有误;

定语从句中有关代词、有关副词是否实在无误;

并列句中的并列连词、主从复相符句中的从属连词用的是否正当。

76、短文改错解题4原则

改动以最少为原则;虚词以添加或删除为原则;实词以转变词形为原则;以保持句子原意为原则。

77、短文改错解题仔细事项

核对错项时,若实在有暂时难以改出的地方,能够参考所改动项是否基本相符“1:1:8”的比例。即众一词1个,缺词1个,错词8个。

核对改正的语法项现在是否有重复。由于短文改错往往隐瞒面广,清淡不会展现重复考查某个语法点的形象。

核对答题符号是否规范,位置是否实在,望望有无遗漏符号、无视字母大幼写和拼写等题目。

78、短文改错常见舛讹1

谓语动词的舛讹是历年考试的重点和炎点, 常见动词舛讹类型有①清淡现在时与清淡曩以前错用;②and前后动词时态纷歧致;③主谓纷歧致;④欠缺动词,稀奇是be动词;⑤第三人称单数样式错用;⑥主动语态和被动语态错用。

They did not want me to do any work at home; they want me to devote all my time to my studies. (did改为do,舛讹类型属于①)

As we climbed the mountain, we fed monkeys, visiting temples and told stories. (visiting改为visited,舛讹类型属于②)

79、短文改错常见舛讹2

名词的常见舛讹:单复数名词错用,可数名词与不可数名词错用。

I’ll get good marks in all my subject. (subject改为subjects)

80、短文改错常见舛讹3

冠词舛讹:误用a和an(根据单词的第一个音素来鉴定);误用a/an和the(固定搭配,或泛指、特指;众冠词或少冠词)

We maybe one family and live under a same roof. (a改为the,the same是固定搭配)

81、短文改错常见舛讹4

形容词和副词舛讹:系动词(am/is/are/was/were/become/go)和感官性动词(smell/feel)后用形容词;词性的误用(形容词修饰名词;副词修饰动词和形容词)。

I’m sure we’ll have a wonderfully time together. (time是名词,要用形容词wonderful修饰)

My pronunciation was terribly. (was后用形容词,terribly改为terrible)

82、短文改错常见舛讹5.

代词舛讹:代词的主格和宾格(I/me; he/him; she/her; we/us;

they/them)舛讹;逆身代词

(myself/yourself/himself/herself/themselves/ourselves)行使舛讹;代词的单数和复数行使舛讹;代词指代舛讹;众代词或少代词。

Soon I began to enjoy talking to myself on paper as I was learning to express me in simple English. (me改为myself)

One day I wrote a little story and showed to my teacher. (to前加it)

83、短文改错常见舛讹6

非谓语动词的常见舛讹:不定式、动名词作主语、宾语时;and连接的不定式或动名词前后纷歧致;介词后用动名词样式作宾语;某些动词后请求接动名词或不定式。

Soon I began to enjoy talk to myself on paper. (enjoy后需接动名词,talk改为talking)

But his parents think go to college is more important than playing sports. (go作主语,答改为going)

84、短文改错常见舛讹7

介词舛讹:词组中的介词误用;介词有趣理解差错;介词的众用或少用。

There are too many people among my family. (among改为in,in my family为固定搭配)

I was so tired that I fell asleep at the moment my head touched the pillow. (往失踪at,the moment引导从句)

85、遇到生词的猜词法—— 根据定义或注释、表明推想生词的词义

在有be,call等判断词展现的句子中,能够根据已知片面,推想生词的含义。例如:

A person who is skilled at making or repairing wooden objects is called a carpenter。

经由过程理解定语从句的有趣,能猜出carpenter是“木匠”的有趣。

86、遇到生词的猜词法—— 根据对比有关推想生词的词义

在有but,however,yet,otherwise,though这些外暗示义转变的连词展现的句子中,其前后的词有清晰的对比有关,根据已知的内容,经由过程这栽对比有关,就很容易猜出生词的词义了。例如:Though Tom‘s face has been washed quite clean,his neck still remains grubby。

和clean有趣相对的便是“腌臜的”了,因此可猜出句中grubby的有趣是“腌臜的”。

87、遇到生词的猜词法—— 经由过程因果有关推想词义

because,since与as是连接因为状语从句的从属连词,so是连接效果状语从句的连词,so...that...与such...that...中的that是连接效果状语从句的。当这些新闻词出现在有生词的句子中,经由过程因果有关,依据已知片面就能猜出生词的词义。例如:She wanted the hairdresser to trim her hair a bit because it was too long。

根据because从句所讲的有趣,吾们就可推想trim就是“修整”之意。

88、遇到生词的猜词法—— 根据生活常识推想词义

行使逻辑推理能力,自己的生活经验及生活常识。再有关上下文能读懂的片面,能够正确猜出词义。例如:Most of the roses are beginning to wither because of the cold。

根据句子有趣及生活经验,wither是“枯萎”的有趣。

89、遇到生词的猜词法—— 根据一致有关推想词义

一致有关,指的是一个词,一组词或短语在句中作联相符成分,而且它们的词义都属于联相符周围。清晰的标志是,如许的词组或短语中心往往用并列连词and或or来连接。例如:At

forty-two he was in his prime and always full of energy。

从“年龄42岁”以及与prime具有一致有关的full of energy能够猜出prime的有趣是“盛年时期”。

90、遇到生词的猜词法—— 根据列举的事例推想词义

You can take any of the periodicals:“The World of English”。“Foreign Language Teaching in Schools”,or“English Learning”。从后面列举的例子中,能够猜出periodical是“期刊,杂志”的有趣。

91、 根据构词法知识推想词义

根据学过的构词法知识,清新词根和前缀或后缀的意义,就可猜出由它们构成的新词词义。例如:The colors of Hawaii in Summer are unforgettable。

forget 的有趣是“遗忘”,后缀"-able"外示“能够”,前缀“un”外示否定,因而“unforgettable”有趣就是“无法遗忘的”或“健忘的”。

92、 should 动词真相的虚拟组织

在这个情况下,宾语从句必要行使should 动词真相,口诀:

一、二、四、四:一个坚持(insist)、两个命令(order、command)、四个提出(suggest、propose、recommend、advise)、四个请求(demand、require、request、desire)

I suggest you should have enough sleep.

动名词和动词不准时区别系列

93、forget to do遗忘做某事

forget doing遗忘已做过某事

94、regret to do遗憾要做某事

regret doing懊丧做过某事

95、mean to do 打算企图做某事

mean doing意味着做某事

96、try to do 辛勤做某事

try doing试图做某事

97、need to do必要做某事

need doing必要被…

最常见的介词用法

98、by的用法

在…左右=beside

靠、经由过程某栽手腕、交通工具

根据It is 8 by my watch.

在…之前、不迟于Can you return the book by Monday?

被、由用于被动语态 written by Jk.

99、for的用法

为了、给(外示方针)

历经(时间、距离)for a month

以…代价/价钱交换

声援赞许,逆义词against

就…而言 too much for me

100、of的用法

所属有关a friend of mine

同位有关the city of BJ

关于,外示行为的对象(常与hear,think,talk连用)hear of sb.

出身、原原料made of

101、on的用法

在…之上on the wall

从事、处于某栽状态中on holiday息伪

关于、涉及 discuss on sth.就某事睁开商议

一…就 On hearing the news, he left for Nanjing.

一听到新闻他就起程往南京了

在某镇日的上午、正午、夜晚on the morning of May 12.

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